Ch 2 - Prologue

Institute of Temporal Physics

            The Institute of Temporal Physics (ITP) was founded in 2003 as an affiliated experimental scientific research institute of the University of Waterloo in partnership with the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada to study high energy particle acceleration and the relativistic effects on quantum entangled particles. It was founded as a sister institute to the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics and the Institute for Quantum Computing in hopes that together they could benefit from each other's research.

            When the ITP was founded, construction was already well underway of the Temporal Analysis Particle Accelerator (TAPA) which was to be the world's largest and most powerful single-beam particle accelerator, surpassing even the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva which was still under construction at the time. The accelerator was planned to be 42% longer than the LHC with a diameter of 12.2km and a circumference of 38.3km located on the northwest corner of the city of Waterloo in a circular tunnel between 80 and 120 meters underground. Its first research run took place between 17 November 2012 and 8 March 2014 with a 5.95 TeV beam.

            Unlike the LHC, the research aim of TAPA was not to study quantum particle physics through the process of colliding particles together. TAPA's aim was to study the potential intersections between quantum entanglement, high-energy physics, and special relativistic time dilation with the intent of determining the viability of non-causal communication through a quantum channel.

            On 8 March 2014 the TAPA's first run ended with inconclusive results, and it was shut down for planned upgrades. It was restarted 10 July 2015 reaching 9.8 TeV beam on 14 August 2015 with its second research run planned to commence on 23 September 2015.

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STATE OF EMERGENCY BRIEFING
25 September 2015
Canadian Security Intelligence Service - Service canadien du renseignement de sécurité
For the Prime Minister Only

KITCHENER-WATERLOO NUCLEAR EVENT UPDATE

            Investigation into the cause of the Kitchener-Waterloo nuclear detonation is ongoing. The following update summarizes the current available knowledge regarding the blast.

            Seismic and radiation analysis have determined that the blast yield of the detonation was 400kT with an error margin of 20%, equivalent in strength to a United States owned single-warhead LGM-30G Minuteman-III ICBM. Aerial and satellite photography of ground zero show that the blast originated at or below ground level. NORAD reports zero unidentified contacts over North American airspace during the hours before or after the blast. It is concluded that this event cannot be classified as a direct attack on Canadian sovereignty by a foreign national power.

            Information obtained regarding the design and construction of the Temporal Analysis Particle Accelerator (TAPA) have determined that although the facility's primary electrical supply is provided by the nearby newly constructed Waterloo Region Nuclear Power Plant based on a Generation III ACR-1000 reactor. A security and status review of the power plant show no evidence of foul play or an accident at the plant which is physically apart from the epicentre of the detonation. Although particle accelerator malfunctions have resulted in explosions in the past (see LHC-2008) such incidents could not produce a detonation of this magnitude or be repsonsible for measured radiation levels. Therefore it must be concluded that the explosion was both deliberate and intentional.

            The source of the Nuclear Device is yet unknown, though neither domestic nor foreign terrorism has been ruled out. Claims of involvement made by foreign terrorist organizations including the Islamic State, Boko Haram, and al-Qa'ida have not been corroborated. Foreign intelligence reports indicate the likelihood of involvement of these organizations in the procurement, assembly, and transportation of a Nuclear Device is negligible, though it cannot be ruled out that one or more may have provided information or inspiration for an independent operative. The United States Department of Defense has initiated an emergency investigation and inventory of their nuclear stockpiles to rule out the possibility of a stolen US warhead.

            Canadian and United States Armed Forces have been mobilized to provide security, aid survivors, and clear transportation routes. Most of the city of Waterloo and northern Kitchener are currently inaccessible. ETA for access to outlying areas within the blast zone using major roads is 48-72 hours while the ETA for central and south-central Waterloo and north-central Kitchener is 96-120 hours. Access to ground zero is expected to be achieved within 12-18 hours from the north-north-west due to its proximity to rural areas.

            Staffing and employment reports provided by the NRC and Citizenship and Immigration Canada list 289 people with access to the ITP/IPT compound, of which 108 have limited or restricted access to TAPA and 12 with unrestricted access. Out of this number there are 140 foreign nationals with access to ITP/IPT, 65 with restricted access to TAPA, and 5 with unrestricted access. The breakdown of foreign nationals by level of access and their country of origin is as follows [U - unrestricted, R - restricted, G - general]:
            United States (2 U, 8 R, 14 G)
            India (1 U, 7 R, 10 G)
            France (1 U, 5 R, 7 G)
            Germany (1 U, 3 R, 5 G)
            China (4 R, 4 G)
            Japan (3 R, 4 G)
            United Kingdom (3 R, 2 G)
            Russia (2 R, 3 G)
            Argentina, Belgium, South Korea, Switzerland, United Kingdom (2 R, 2 G)
            Australia, Netherlands, South Africa, Ukraine (2 R, 1 G)
            Austria, Brazil, Egypt, Israel, Italy, Mexico, New Zealand, Sweden, Turkey (1 R, 1 G)
            Finland, Indonesia, Pakistan, Spain, Venezuela (1 G)

            Staffing and employment numbers are based on approved access only and are current as of Sep 4, 2015. They may include staff that may be currently out of the country or not on site at the time of the incident.

            Current casualty estimates are as follows:
            100,000 deaths due to blast including 6,000 foreign nationals
            50,000-75,000 deaths due to radiation effects within 6 months
            75,000 injured
            150,000 with 45% increase in long term cancer and chronic disease health risk

            Six aid camps have been established in and around the Kitchener/Waterloo metropolitan area and have provided for 17,500 people, and treated 4,500 with injuries.

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